|What is Climate Change?
Climate change, as per the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, (UNFCCC), refers to a change in the state of climate that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and that is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods.
||Impacts of Climate Change on Small Island Developing States |
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 4th Assessment Report, some of the potential impacts of climate change for Small Island Developing States (SIDS) including Mauritius are as follows:
• By mid-century, climate change is expected to reduce water resources in many small islands to the point they become insufficient to meet demand during low-rainfall period.
• Increase in global temperature
• Increase Food Insecurity
• Increase in frequency and intensity of natural disasters like cyclone & flooding
• Sea level rise is expected to exacerbate inundation, storm surge and other coastal hazards, thus threatening vital infrastructure, settlement and facilities that support the livelihood of island communities.
• Deterioration in coastal conditions, for e.g. through erosion of beaches and coral bleaching, is expected to affect local resources.
(Source: IPCC AR4)
Some observed impacts of climate change in Mauritius
• Between 1998 & 2007, local mean sea level rose by 2.1mm per year. Over the last 5 years sea level has been rising by around 3.8 mm/year.
• Decreasing trend in annual rainfall of around 8% over Mauritius since the 1950s.
• Average temperature has risen by 0.740C when compared to the 1961-90 mean.
• An increase in the annual number of hot days and warm nights.
• Flash flood in 2008 and 2013 resulting in loss of lives.
• Mauritius experienced its worst drought in 1999 and 2011.
• Increase in the frequency of extreme weather events, heavy rains and storms.
Projected impacts of climate change in Mauritius
• Decreasing trend of 8% in annual rainfall. Utilizable water resources will decrease by up to 13% by 2050.
• Increase in heavy precipitation events with increased risk of flash flood
• More frequent heat waves in summer.
• Increasing frequency of heat spells, giving rise to cardiovascular and pulmonary complications.
• Increase in the number of intense tropical cyclones
• Increase in duration of dry spell
• Increase events of high energy waves (tidal surge) impacting the shores of Mauritius.
• Heat stress will impact on productivity in the poultry and livestock sector
• Propagation of vector-borne and infectious diseases as a result of higher temperature and recurrent floods.
• Lengthening of the transmission period of important vector-borne diseases due to rise in temperature.
• Live corals to be reduced by 80-100% in the event of 3.28oC rise in temperature by the year 2100.
• Migratory shifts in tuna aggregations thereby disrupting the local seafood hub activities and other fish based industries and may result in conflict over the stock both at a national and international level.
• Changes in fish stock distribution and fluctuations in abundance of conventionally fished and “new” species may disrupt existing allocation arrangements.
(Source: Mauritius Meteorological Services)
Climate Change Division
Aware of the threats climate change will pose to Mauritius, the Government of Mauritius in its Budget for the year 2010, made provision for the setting up a Climate Change Division in the Ministry of Environment & SD. The Climate Change Division was set up and became operational on 1st March 2010. Some of the core duties of the Climate Change Division are as follows:
• Develop a climate change mitigation and adaptation framework;
• Coordinate national, regional and international projects in relation to climate change and sea level rise;
• Conduct and report greenhouse gas (GHG) emission inventories;
• Devise and coordinate the implementation of an inter-sectoral climate change monitoring programme and its reporting;
• Identify and coordinate Research & Development priorities associated with climate change and sea level rise;
• Follow up on matters pertaining to climate change in national, regional and international fora;
• Contribution in Public Outreach Programme.
|Key projects under implementation
A::: Africa Adaptation Programme
· “Supporting Integrated and Comprehensive Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation in Africa – The Republic of Mauritius” under the Africa Adaptation Programme (AAP) is a Programme of adaptation to climate change, funded by the Government of Japan (GOJ) under its Cool Earth Partnership for Africa. Mauritius has received around Rs 90 M [USD2,987,004]. The main objective of AAP is to integrate and mainstream climate change adaptation into the institutional framework and into core development policies, strategies and plans for the Republic of Mauritius. The key sectors are Agriculture, Disaster Risk Reduction, Education, Environment (including public infrastructures and health, amongst others), Finance, Fisheries, Tourism and Water.The Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development is the lead coordinating and also executing agency. Other key executive organizations are:
(i) Prime Minister’s Office (Mauritius Meteorological Services)
(ii) Ministry of Energy and Public Utilities
(iii) Ministry of Finance and Economic Development
(iv) Ministry of Public Infrastructure, National Development Unit, Land Transport and Shipping
(v) Ministry of Education and Human Resources
(vi) Ministry of Agro Industry and Food Security
(vii) Ministry of Tertiary Education, Science, Research and Technology
(viii) Ministry of Fisheries
(ix) Ministry of Local Government and Outer Islands
(x) Ministry of Tourism and Leisure
(xi) Ministry of Health and Quality of Life
(xii) Ministry of Gender Equality, Child Development and Family Welfare
· The project started in March 2010 and was successfully completed in February 2013.
· 31 activities have been successfully completed under the AAP.
|1. Disaster Risk Reduction and Management
|· The main objective of the project is to enhance national capacity for climate change related Disaster Risk Reduction and Management. The results of this project will contribute to design robust disaster risk policies and management practice for the decades to come. Climate risk analysis, which is a central component of this project, is one of the first comprehensive climate modeling studies conducted for the Republic of Mauritius |
· An Inception Workshop was held in 29 March 2012.
· A Flooding, Landslide and CoastalInundation National Risk Profiles, Maps, Strategy Framework and Action Plans for Disaster Risk Management for the Republic of Mauritiushas been developed by a Consultancy Firm (SGI Studio GalliIngegneriaS.p.A. in association with CMCC S.c.ar.l.and Desai & Associates Ltd).
· A Capacity Building and Validation Workshop was held in 22 to 24 August 2012.Some 70 participants (including public, private, NGOs and parastatal bodies) were trained on Disaster Risk Management for the Republic of Mauritius.
|2. Policy Review and Formulation of Action Plans
a. Strategy and Action Plans for Climate Change Adaptation in the Agricultural, Fisheries, Tourism and Water Sectors
· The key objectives are:
* To formulate climate change-related policies that would address adaptation and mitigation of risks in the above referred sectors. Special attention will be given to gender mainstreaming
* To devise strategies and elaborate action plans for enabling the activities for climate change adaptation of the sectors, including research and development and the need for continuous monitoring and evaluation process for climate change impacts to allow for continuous adaptation to anticipated new situations and conditions.
· The key outputsareclimate change-related policies, strategies and action plans that would address adaptation and mitigation of risks in the agriculture, tourism and fisheries sectors in the Republic of Mauritius, including in the water sector for Rodrigues.
|b. Formulation of Climate Change Bill
c. Mainstreaming climate change issues into EIA and ICZM
· The objective of the Climate Change Bill is to establish the legal framework and mechanism towards making Mauritiusclimate change-resilient and adopt a low-carbon economy in line with the overarching Government objectives of developing a green economy.
· The Bill will support and facilitate the development and implementation of policies, strategies and programmes to address climate change adaptation and greenhouse gas emission reduction.
· A Workshop on Climate Resilient Legislation was held from 22 – 24 August 2012 for the Capacity Building of key stakeholders on drafting of legislation and the validation of the content of the proposed Climate Change Bill.
· Some 60 participants from the public and parastatal sectors, academics and NGOs have been consulted throughout the project
· The main objective is to mainstream and integrate climate change issues into environment-related policies and to enhance knowledge and sensitise relevant stakeholders on the use and interpretation of appropriate guidelines for the assessment of coastal protection and development works, taking into consideration climate change risks and impacts.
· An in-depth review of the existing policies and strategies to mainstream climate change into environmental policies and in particular in the EIA process and to the content of EIA and PER reports was undertaken and recommendations on Climate Change in the context of Coastal Zone Management and application of EIA were made.
· A training and validation workshop was held on 5th-7th November 2012. Some 50 participants from public, parastatal and private organisations attended the workshop.
· A series of reports pertaining to climate change integration into the Preliminary Environmental Report (PER) and EIA Guidelines and ICZM Framework, including a Checklist for the scoping phase for PER and EIA undertakings, and policy recommendations for EIA and ICZM have been submitted.
d. Development of a National Climate Change Adaptation Framework
· The National Climate Change Adaptation Policy Framework has been developed. The report comprises of:
(i) a National Climate Change Adaptation Policy,
(ii) a Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan,
(iii) a Climate Change Adaptation Investment Program, and
(iv) Project Concepts.
· The study focused on the following key sectors, namely: water, agriculture, fisheries and tourism.
· The key objectives of this Framework are to foster the development of policies, strategies, plans and processes to avoid, minimise and adapt to the negative impacts of climate change on the key sectors and also to avoid or reduce damage to human settlements and infrastructure and loss of lives caused by climate change.
· The Framework aims to integrate and mainstream climate change into core development policies, strategies and plans of Mauritius. In terms of policy principles, the Framework is based on the need to undertake adequate planning to resilience, enhance and maintain environmental quality, promote the development of a strong and diversified economy and the creation of an enabling environment through the adoption of appropriate technologies and practices. The Framework also emphasises on the need for strengthening capacities and institutional frameworks. It will enable policy makers to understand the challenges posed by climate change and to formulate appropriate policies, accordingly.
· With a view to better coordinate and monitor the implementation of the recommended policies, strategies and programmes on climate change adaptation, Climate Change Committee will be set up under the chairmanship of the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Environment & SD
3. Capacity Building
a. Knowledge Sharing on Climate Financing through the holding of a Regional Workshop
· A Regional Workshop on “Leveraging Public Finance to catalyze Private Sector engagement for Resilient Development” was held on 13 – 14 and 16 - 17 August 2012.
· The workshop was organized by the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development in collaboration with Inter-Regional Technical Support Component (IRTSC).
· The main aim of the workshop was to equip participating AAP countries and major stakeholders to sustain the implementation of climate resilient development strategies in the face of decreasing donor funding resulting from current economic challenges affecting developed countries.
· Some 60 participants from eight AAP countries (Mauritius, Burkina Faso, Congo, Gabon, Lesotho, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal) attended the workshop.
· Local participants were from key Ministries including from the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development, local banks, Association of Industries and the University.
The resource persons were international experts from regional Technical Support Centre and UNDP office - Dr Joseph Insitful and Ms Jennifer Baumwoll and AAP expert Dr Andrea Bassi, Dr Christopher Gor and Dr JaroslavMysiak
b. Training of Trainers for Health Professionals on climate related health impacts
c. Gender mainstreaming of climate change
· This training was organized by Ministry of Health and Quality of Lifein collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development. It was accomplished in three batches as follows:-
* Five-days training by an international expert from USA, Dr Paul Wilson in May 2012;
* Two 2- days training by local trainers in September 2012.
· The objective was to enhance the knowledge of officers of different cadre of the health sector on the impacts and implications of climate change on human health and to incorporate climate change into health policies, plans and programmes.
·Some 150 officers were trained.
A training of trainers and capacity development workshop for mainstreaming climate change and community based adaptation was held on10-12 April 2012 and 16-18 April 2012.
· The training was organized by Ministry of Gender Equality, Child Development & Family Welfarein collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development. The workshop was facilitated by 2 Resource Persons from UNDP Gender Team New York.
· The key objectives of the training were:
* to build capacities and knowledge of communities and women leaders on the link between gender and climate change, and a better understanding of the gendered national and local vulnerability and strategy,
* to build knowledge on how to mainstream gender in climate change and community based adaptation programs.
· Some 70 participants (Women, NGOs and Community Leaders) were trained.
· The outcome of the workshop was a draft Action Plan on how trainees will share what they have learned with their peers; government officials to develop follow up actions in view of mainstreaming gender in climate change.
· Further to this training, the Ministry of Gender Equality, Child Development & Family Welfareorganised4 National Workshops to sensitisethe general community on Gender in Climate Change Adaptation. Some 400 participants were sensitised.
d. Capacity Building of Road Engineers on Climate Change related impacts·
· The workshop was organised on 9-10 August 2012 by Road Development Authority in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development.
· The objective was to build capacity of Road Engineers in order to render the planned and existing transport and associated infrastructures climate-resilient.
· The training was completed in August 2012 by two experts, Darren Lumbroso and Steven Wade from Wallingford firm from UK.
· Some 40 Engineers from the Road Development Authority and local authorities attended to workshop
e. Training of Road and Building Engineers and Architects on building Climate Change Resilience ·
· The workshop wasorganised by the Ministry of Public Infrastructure, NDU, Land Transport and Shipping in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development.
· The objective was to
§ undertake an assessment of likely impacts of climate change on buildings and related infrastructures
§ implement training on the design codes and specifications for buildings
· This training was completed by Prof. Jaime Argudo from Argudo& Associates from Ecuador in August 2012
· Some 70 Architects and Engineers from MPI and local authorities were trained
f. Training on Knowledge Management
· A National Workshop on Knowledge Management (Teamworks and Capitalisation of Experiences) was held on 17-21 September 2012.
· The main objective was to enhance institutional as well as individual skills on the UNDP Teamworksknowledge sharing platform and on capitalising climate change adaptation experiences gained under the AAP.
· The workshop was organised by the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development and was facilitated by Resource Persons fromInter-Regional Technical Support Component (IRTSC).
· Some 35 people (including public, NGOs, academics and parastatal bodies) were trained.
g. Capacity Building for the Review and Development of Climate Resilient Policies in Mauritius
· Capacity building workshops were held on2-11 August 2011 and 4-14 October 2011 in Mauritius and on 17-19 August 2011and17-19 October 2011 in Rodrigues.
· The objectives were:
§ To strengthen and develop national capacities in the review, formulation and approving of climate-resilient policies for better decision-making
§ To enhance knowledge and techniques required to effectively plan appropriate policy measure to address climate change
§ To promote information dissemination among all target groups: decision-makers, academics, researchers, communities and other institutions.
· The main outcome of the workshop in Mauritius was a road map and action plans for development and review of climate resilient policies.
· An action plan for climate resilience in Rodrigues was produced, linking on-the-ground action and policy needs.
· Some 350 people (including public, private, parastatal, NGOs, Women and Youth, and Academics) were trained.
| 4. Outreach and Research and Development
a. Promotion of Research on Climate Change Adaptation and Sound Coal Ash Management
The project has been implemented under the aegis of the Mauritius Research Council
· The main objectives are:
§ Fostering and promoting research and development in areas related to Climate Change adaptation
§ Encouraging application and utilization of scientific research and development result with regard to Climate Change.
· The following research projects have been carried out:
§ Modeling the effect of large-scale circulation patterns and other factorson the water level in reservoirs in Mauritius: A hydroinformatics approach
§ Use of compost by farmers as an adaptation strategy for climate change:land application and simulation studies
§ Assessing the impacts of climate change on the phenology of native Mauritian plants
§ Climate change and Agriculture: Impacts and Vulnerability Assessment
§ The use of system dynamics approach to identify integrated coastal zone planning and management indicators for Mauritius: A performance evaluation model
§ Development of a Wind Resource Map for Onshore and Offshore Mauritius
§ Energy futures in Mauritius in a carbon constrained world.
§ Evaluation of the vulnerability of coastal communities to climate change in the island economies - The case of the Republic of Mauritius.
§ Safe and sustainable utilisation of coal/bagasse ash in agroecosystems as soil amendment and for crop protection.
§ Assessing the potential of using coal ash and bagasse ash as inorganic amendment in the composting process of municipal solid wastes: Improvements in compost quality for agronomic application
§ Environmental impacts of Structural concrete using coal bottom ash as partial fine aggregate replacement and coal fly ash as partial cement replacement
b. Interactive Climate Change Exhibition at the Rajiv Gandhi Science Centre (RGSC)
· An exhibition entitled “Climate Change: Threats and Challenges” was set up and launched at the RGSC (Mauritius) in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development on 14 June 2012.
· The main objective of the exhibition is to create public awareness on climate change – causes and impacts and encourages people to be environmentally conscious and thus adopt sustainable lifestyles.
· The exhibition is a first in its kind with panel based exhibits, interactive stations, quiz, games and videos for people to learn in a fun and informal manner.
· It will remain at the RGSC for three years, following which will be converted into a mobile exhibition which will be used for further dissemination.
c. Awareness Raising at the University of Mauritius
· An Awareness Week was organized by the University of Mauritiuson 13-15 July 2011.
· The main objective was to enhance the general public’s knowledge as well as policy makers’ on the causes and potential consequences of climate change in Mauritius.It also endeavours to disseminate information on knowledge generated via researches as well as climate related policy measures being implemented.
· Some 800 participants (include public, private, NGOs, academics, civil society, students at primary, secondary and tertiary levels and people at senior management level) attended the event.
· The Awareness Week involved a series of activities as follows:
§ Keynote address by 2 experts (from India & Germany),
§ Presentation of finding by academics/researchers,
§ Presentation by students (short videos, slams, essays, posters),
§ Presentation by NGOs.
d. Development of a Teacher's guides on climate change education and sensitization of teachers from primary and secondary schools in the Republic of Mauritius by the Mauritius Institute of Education
· The main objective was tosensitize relevant teachers, students & parents on climate change issues and adaptation strategies.
· Under this project, the following activities have been carried out:
§ Development of pedagogical and sensitization materialsfor primary and secondary schools.
§ Training ofprimary and secondary Schools Educators, Primary Schools Educators, Inspectors and Head Masters on Climate Change Education. The training was also been done in Rodrigues and Agalega. Some725educators were sensitized.
§ In-house-seminars on climate change education were also organized in schools. This involved a whole school approach including school managers (Head Masters and Deputy Head Masters/Rectors and Deputy Rectors), educators, non-teaching staff, executive members of the Parent Teachers Association (PTA) of primary/secondary schools and any relevant NGOs working with the respective schools. During the seminar, the whole school community was briefed on the three major areas of Climate Change Education: understanding of climate change, mitigation and adaptation strategies towards climate change.
§ A Mobile Graphic Exhibition (bus) on climate change and adaptation was created tosensitise primary& secondary school students and local community on climate change. The bus was put on display at primary schools, secondary schools, Municipal Councils, District Councils, Social Centers and Commercial Centers around the island. The bus was visited by some 4511 visitors.
§ Development of a low cost model for demonstrating climate change in all primary schools was created to illustrate the impacts of climate change (increase in temperature, seal level rise, melting of ice).
§ Organisation of quiz and essay competitions for primary and secondary schools.
e. Climate Change Knowledge Fair on AAP
· A Climate Change Knowledge Fair was held on 29-31 October 2012 at Paul Octave Wiehe Auditorium, Reduit.
· The main objectives were to:
§ share findings, experiences and best practices of the different activities being implemented under AAP among AAP stakeholders; and
§ raise awareness of the public, academic institutions, public and private sector institutions and NGOs on climate change issues.
· The fair consisted of two elements:
(i)an exhibition area which was visited by some 10 000 persons
(i) Side Events;
§ Symposium on Climate Change,
§ Media workshop,
§ Presentations of findings of AAP Research Projects &panel discussions,
§ Symposium on Climate Change and Gender.
§ The Knowledge Fair closed on 31 October 2012 with Awards of Shields to AAP Stakeholders and Certificate of Participation to Exhibitors.
f. Climate Change Knowledge Fair in Rodrigues
· In view of the success of the Climate Change Knowledge Fair in Mauritius, a similar event was held in Rodrigues from 13-14 December 2012 to showcase and share experiences and best practices of the different activities being implemented in Mauritius and Rodrigues. Exhibition materials, a laptop and a projector were handed over to the Commissioner of Environment so as to sensitise the whole population on climate change.
· During the knowledge fair in Rodrigues:
§ The waste segregation project was also launched at Rodrigues College. Segregation bins of different colours for collection of paper, plastic bottles and other wastes as well as compost bins for the collection of organic wastes were handed over to all schools in Rodrigues, that is, pre-primary, primary and secondary schools.
§ 500 aerators were handed over to the Rodrigues Regional Assembly to promote efficient use of water.
5. Sharing of Climate Data and Information
|a. Setting up of a Climate Change Information Centre
|| b. Setting up of a Data Server for Research and Academic Purposes at the University of Mauri tius|
· A National Climate Change Information Centre (NCCIC)has been set up at the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable
· The key functions of the NCCIC will be, inter alia, to:
(a) act as a data centre for climate change related data and information meant for informed decision making;
(b) provide early warning climate risk information to support climate resilient community-based initiatives;
(c) awareness raising; and
(d) work on collection of future climate projections for ROM.
· A High Performance Climate Data Server has been installed at the University of Mauritius.Software for climate data modeling and managementhas been configured on the server.
· A capacity building was held on 30 July-03 August 2012 at the University of Mauritius.
· Some 42 participants were trained.
|c. Setting up of an Agricultural Decision Support System|
· 7 Agro-meteorological Stations have been set up as part of an Agricultural Decision Support System in different regions namely at; Wooton, Richelieu, Flacq, Plaisance, Plaine Sophie, Reduit, and Barkly to provide timely and vital information to planters for a sustainable agriculture
· The key objectives of the project are:
§ To develop a decision support system for agriculture based on real time agro-meteorological data.
§ To provide national level high quality climate data to a range of sectors namely agriculture, water management, researchers and farmers.
· Two-phase workshop on “Agricultural Decision Support, Weather Index Insurance and Early Warning Systems” and “Generating long-term climate data and local climate change scenarios for hydrological and agricultural risk assessment” were held on 30 July 2012 and 31 July to 1st August 2012 respectively.The main objective was to demonstrate how hydro-climatic instrumentation could be set up to collect and analyse data for applications to development. Some 30 participants (including AAP stakeholder institutions, academics, microfinance institutions and researchers) were trained. The workshop was organized by Ministry of Agro Industry and Food Security with the collaboration of Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development.
· This tool will provide information to help farmers to better adapt to the adverse effects of climate change and take the right decision and thus protect its crop, improve yield, quality, and income and ensure food security.
6. Demonstration Projects
|Coral Farming activities at Albion, Pointe aux Sables and Trou aux Biches (in Mauritius) and Graviers and Hermitage in the South East Marine Protected Area (in Rodrigues)|
§ The main objective is to rehabilitate of degraded reefs by transplanting farmed corals
§ This is being carried out by the Ministry of Fisheries at three sites in Mauritius (Albion, Pointe aux Sables and Trou aux Biches) and 2 sites namely Graviers and Hermitage in SEMPA in Rodrigues.
|Setting up of an Endemic Garden and Information Centre at Panchavati in the context of Eco Village|
§ An Endemic Garden and Information Center have been set up at Panchavati.
§ This project involved the transformation of the existing children playground into an endemic garden and the setting up of an Information Centre in the building of the Community Centre.
§ Launching of the center and inauguration of the garden were done on 29th May 2013.
|Enhancing Resilience of Planters through provision of Trainings, Salinity Meters and Plantation of Mangroves on the East Coast|
§ Improving the livelihoods of Onion farmers of the South East and Protecting the Local Red onion as a PatrimoineAgricole de Maurice.
§ 6 salinity meters have been provided to the onion planters.
§ Training on the use of the salinity meters was held on 30 August 2012 to enable the planters to assess level of water salinity prior to irrigating crops. Some 13 onion planters were trained.
§ Mangrove plantation also formed part of the project to reduce soil erosion
|Installation of Seawater Temperature Monitoring sensors at different sites in Rodrigues and Sensitisation of Fishermen and Teachers and School Children on Climate Change Adaptation|
§ The main objective is to monitor sea water temperature and states of coral in South East Protected Area (SEMPA) with regard to coral bleaching.
§ 5 stations (RiviereBanane, Anse aux Anglais, Grand Baie, PlaineCorail and Pointe L’herbe) for sea water temperature monitoring have been set up and 12 data loggers have been installed.
§ Sensitisation campaigns have been carried out with the fishermen community and with school children during the period April-June 2012. About 147 fishermen have been sensitized
B::: Technology Needs Assessment (TNA)
· A Technology Needs Assessment project is being implemented, with the technical support of URC (Denmark) and the UNEP’s Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (Paris). The project is being funded by GEF, to the tune of 120 000 USD and is scheduled for completion by February 2013. The key aim of the TNA is to bridge the gap between the mere identification of appropriate technologies and the design of action plans that would enable Mauritius to implement technologies that reduce greenhouse gas emissions and support adaptation to climate change that are consistent with national development priorities.The objectives of the TNA are as follows;
a) Identification and prioritisation of climate change adaptation and mitigation technologies that meet national sustainable development goals and principles,
b) Identification of barriers hindering acquisition, deployment and diffusion of prioritised technologies, and
c) Development of Technology Action Plans specifying activities and enabling frameworks to overcome the barriers and facilitate the transfer, adoption and diffusion of selected technologies.
· The following sectors have been prioritized by the National TNA Committee;
a) 1 mitigation sector prioritized: Energy Industries
b) 3 adaptation sectors prioritized: Agriculture, Water and Coastal Zone
· 4 sub-working groups have been setup under each priority sector as follows:
a) Energy Industry Sector - under the chair of the Central Electricity Board
b) Agriculture Sector -under the chair of the Agricultural Services, M/Agro Industry & FS
c) Water sector - under the chair of the Water Resources Unit
d) Coastal Zone Sector- under the chair of the Ministry of Environment and SD
· Climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies were identifiedfor each sector and prioritization was carried out through a fully inclusivemulti-stakeholder process using the Multi Criteria Analysis.
· A TNA Report has been prepared and validated during the workshop held on 25-26 July 2012.
· Technology Action Plans and Project Idea Reportshave been developed for prioritized technologies. The reports were validated in March 2013.
C::: Inventory of Greenhouse Gas
· As part of commitment to UNFCCC, each party has to develop, periodically update, publish and make available to the Conference of the Parties national inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol. In this context MoESD has recently agreed to UNFCCC Secretariats proposal to participate in a “Regional capacity building for sustainable National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Management Systems in Eastern and Southern Africa”.
· A regional capacity building workshop on “Sustainable National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Management Systems in Eastern and Southern Africa” was held from 7 to 9 March 2011 in collaboration with the UNFCCC Secretariatto kick-off the implementation of a wider 3-year time frame (2011 – 2013) project targeting at:
a) improving the quality of national greenhouse gas inventories,
b) enhancing the capacity of countries within Eastern and Southern Africa region to prepare their national inventories,
c) establishing a regional and international information exchange network, and a sustainable inventory system.
· A Capacity building and training of stakeholders on the Greenhouse Gas Inventory focusing on Agriculture and Land Use (ALU) Software was held on 1-4 August 2011.the key objectives were to:
a) Provide training on the ALU software and run the software with local data to the extent possible;
b) Review the existing activity data available and requirements for the ALU workbook; and
c) Take stock of land use and cover including maps, and identify mapping needs
D::: Third National Communication (TNC)
The Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Developmenthas secured USD 500 000 from GEF through UNEP for the preparation of the Third National Communication.
UNEP and the Ministry of Environment & Sustainable Development have already signed Project Cooperation Agreement on 30th April 2013.
E::: Formulation of a Low Carbon Development Strategy and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) for Mauritius.
At the 16th meeting of the Conference of Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held in Mexico in December 2010, Parties agreed that developing countries would take NAMAs for promoting sustainable development.
In this context, the Ministry of Environment & SD in collaboration with key stakeholders is currently developing a Project Identification Form for the Low carbon development strategy and NAMAs. The development of a Low Carbon Development Strategy and the NAMAs will be based on assessments to be carried out in the sectors concerned and it will take into account the long term energy security for an equitable development in Mauritius.
All reports will be made available once they have been finalized and approve
|Second National Communication(http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/natc/musnc2.pdf)
|National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report (2000-2006)(http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/natc/ghg_mauritius.pdf)|
For more information contact:
Climate Change Division
7th Floor, Ken Lee Tower, Port-Louis
Telephone: 203-6200/10 Fax: 208-8940
or visit the Resource Centre of the Ministry of Environment & SD